Microsoft Windows (or merely Windows) could be a metafamily of graphical operational systems developed, marketed, and sold-out by Microsoft. It consists of many families of operational systems, every of that cater to a definite sector of the computing trade with the OS usually related to IBM computer compatible design. Active Windows families embrace Windows nongovernmental organization, Windows Embedded and Windows Phone; these could include subfamilies, e.g. Windows Embedded Compact (Windows CE) or Windows Server. Defunct Windows families embrace Windows 9x; Windows ten Mobile is an energetic product, unrelated to the defunct family Windows Mobile. Microsoft introduced associate degree operational surroundings named Windows on Gregorian calendar month twenty, 1985, as a graphical software system shell for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Microsoft Windows came to dominate the world's notebook computer (PC) market with over ninetieth market share, reordering raincoat OS, that had been introduced in 1984. Apple came to ascertain Windows as associate degree unfair encroachment on their innovation in user interface development as enforced on product like the Lisa and Macintosh (eventually settled in court in Microsoft's favor in 1993). On PCs, Windows continues to be the foremost common software system. However, in 2014, Microsoft admitted losing the bulk of the general software system market to mechanical man, due to the huge growth in sales of mechanical man smartphones. In 2014, the amount of Windows devices sold-out was but twenty fifth that of mechanical man devices sold-out. This comparison but might not be absolutely relevant, because the 2 operational systems historically target totally different platforms. As of Sept 2016, the foremost recent version of Windows for PCs, tablets, smartphones and embedded devices is Windows ten. the foremost recent versions for server computers is Windows Server 2016. A specialised version of Windows runs on the Xbox One game console. Windows nongovernmental organization: Started as a family of software system with Windows NT three.1, associate degree software system for server computers and workstations. It currently consists of 3 software system subfamilies that area unit free virtually at constant time and share constant kernel. it's virtually not possible for somebody unacquainted the topic to spot the members of this family by name as a result of they are doing not adhere to any specific rule; e.g. Windows scene, Windows 7, Windows 8/8.1 and Windows RT area unit members of this family however Windows three.1 is not.
Windows: The operating system for mainstream personal computers, tablets and smartphones. The latest version is Windows 10. The main competitor of this family is macOS by Apple Inc. for personal computers and Android for mobile devices (c.f. Usage share of operating systems § Market share by category).
Windows Server: The operating system for server computers. The latest version is Windows Server 2016. Unlike its clients sibling, it has adopted a strong naming scheme. The main competitor of this family is Linux. (c.f. Usage share of operating systems § Market share by category) Windows PE: A lightweight version of its Windows sibling meant to operate as a live operating system, used for installing Windows on bare-metal computers (especially on many computers at once), recovery or troubleshooting purposes. The latest version is Windows PE 10.0.10586.0. Windows Embedded: Initially, Microsoft developed Windows CE as a general-purpose operating system for every device that was too resource-limited to be called a full-fledged computer. Eventually, however, Windows CE was renamed Windows Embedded Compact and was folded under Windows Compact trademark which also consists of Windows Embedded Industry, Windows Embedded Professional, Windows Embedded Standard, Windows Embedded Handheld and Windows Embedded Automotive.
The following Windows families are no longer being developed: Windows 9x: associate degree operational system that targeted shoppers market. out of print due to suboptimal performance. (PC World referred to as its last version, Windows ME, one amongst the worst product of all times.)
Microsoft currently caters to the shoppers market with Windows nongovernmental organization. Windows Mobile: The precursor to Windows Phone, it had been a movable software system. the primary version was referred to as Pocket computer 2000; the third version, Windows Mobile 2003 is that the 1st version to adopt the Windows Mobile trademark. The last version is Windows Mobile half dozen.5. Windows Phone: associate degree software system sold-out solely to makers of smartphones. the primary
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